Data Smart

Data Smart
Author: John W. Foreman
Release: 2013-10-31
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 432
ISBN: 9781118839867
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Data Science gets thrown around in the press like it'smagic. Major retailers are predicting everything from when theircustomers are pregnant to when they want a new pair of ChuckTaylors. It's a brave new world where seemingly meaningless datacan be transformed into valuable insight to drive smart businessdecisions. But how does one exactly do data science? Do you have to hireone of these priests of the dark arts, the "data scientist," toextract this gold from your data? Nope. Data science is little more than using straight-forward steps toprocess raw data into actionable insight. And in DataSmart, author and data scientist John Foreman will show you howthat's done within the familiar environment of aspreadsheet. Why a spreadsheet? It's comfortable! You get to look at the dataevery step of the way, building confidence as you learn the tricksof the trade. Plus, spreadsheets are a vendor-neutral place tolearn data science without the hype. But don't let the Excel sheets fool you. This is a book forthose serious about learning the analytic techniques, the math andthe magic, behind big data. Each chapter will cover a different technique in aspreadsheet so you can follow along: Mathematical optimization, including non-linear programming andgenetic algorithms Clustering via k-means, spherical k-means, and graphmodularity Data mining in graphs, such as outlier detection Supervised AI through logistic regression, ensemble models, andbag-of-words models Forecasting, seasonal adjustments, and prediction intervalsthrough monte carlo simulation Moving from spreadsheets into the R programming language You get your hands dirty as you work alongside John through eachtechnique. But never fear, the topics are readily applicable andthe author laces humor throughout. You'll even learnwhat a dead squirrel has to do with optimization modeling, whichyou no doubt are dying to know.

Data Smart

Data Smart
Author: John W. Foreman
Release: 2013-11-12
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 432
ISBN: 9781118661468
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Data Science gets thrown around in the press like it's magic. Major retailers are predicting everything from when their customers are pregnant to when they want a new pair of Chuck Taylors. It's a brave new world where seemingly meaningless data can be transformed into valuable insight to drive smart business decisions. But how does one exactly do data science? Do you have to hire one of these priests of the dark arts, the "data scientist," to extract this gold from your data? Nope. Data science is little more than using straight-forward steps to process raw data into actionable insight. And in Data Smart, author and data scientist John Foreman will show you how that's done within the familiar environment of a spreadsheet. Why a spreadsheet? It's comfortable! You get to look at the data every step of the way, building confidence as you learn the tricks of the trade. Plus, spreadsheets are a vendor-neutral place to learn data science without the hype. But don't let the Excel sheets fool you. This is a book for those serious about learning the analytic techniques, the math and the magic, behind big data. Each chapter will cover a different technique in a spreadsheet so you can follow along: Mathematical optimization, including non-linear programming and genetic algorithms Clustering via k-means, spherical k-means, and graph modularity Data mining in graphs, such as outlier detection Supervised AI through logistic regression, ensemble models, and bag-of-words models Forecasting, seasonal adjustments, and prediction intervals through monte carlo simulation Moving from spreadsheets into the R programming language You get your hands dirty as you work alongside John through each technique. But never fear, the topics are readily applicable and the author laces humor throughout. You'll even learn what a dead squirrel has to do with optimization modeling, which you no doubt are dying to know.

Data Analytics for Smart Cities

Data Analytics for Smart Cities
Author: Amir Alavi,William G. Buttlar
Release: 2018-10-26
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 243
ISBN: 9780429786624
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The development of smart cities is one of the most important challenges over the next few decades. Governments and companies are leveraging billions of dollars in public and private funds for smart cities. Next generation smart cities are heavily dependent on distributed smart sensing systems and devices to monitor the urban infrastructure. The smart sensor networks serve as autonomous intelligent nodes to measure a variety of physical or environmental parameters. They should react in time, establish automated control, and collect information for intelligent decision-making. In this context, one of the major tasks is to develop advanced frameworks for the interpretation of the huge amount of information provided by the emerging testing and monitoring systems. Data Analytics for Smart Cities brings together some of the most exciting new developments in the area of integrating advanced data analytics systems into smart cities along with complementary technological paradigms such as cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT). The book serves as a reference for researchers and engineers in domains of advanced computation, optimization, and data mining for smart civil infrastructure condition assessment, dynamic visualization, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), cyber-physical systems, and smart construction technologies. The chapters are presented in a hands-on manner to facilitate researchers in tackling applications. Arguably, data analytics technologies play a key role in tackling the challenge of creating smart cities. Data analytics applications involve collecting, integrating, and preparing time- and space-dependent data produced by sensors, complex engineered systems, and physical assets, followed by developing and testing analytical models to verify the accuracy of results. This book covers this multidisciplinary field and examines multiple paradigms such as machine learning, pattern recognition, statistics, intelligent databases, knowledge acquisition, data visualization, high performance computing, and expert systems. The book explores new territory by discussing the cutting-edge concept of Big Data analytics for interpreting massive amounts of data in smart city applications.

Smart Data Pricing

Smart Data Pricing
Author: Soumya Sen,Carlee Joe-Wong,Sangtae Ha,Mung Chiang
Release: 2014-09-09
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 533
ISBN: 9781118611661
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

A comprehensive text addressing the high demand for network, cloud, and content services through cutting-edge research on data pricing and business strategies Smart Data Pricing tackles the timely issue of surging demand for network, cloud, and content services and corresponding innovations in pricing these services to benefit consumers, operators, and content providers. The pricing of data traffic and other services is central to the core challenges of network monetization, growth sustainability, and bridging the digital divide. In this book, experts from both academia and industry discuss all aspects of smart data pricing research and development, including economic analyses, system development, user behavior evaluation, and business strategies. Smart Data Pricing: • Presents the analysis of leading researchers from industry and academia surrounding the pricing of network services and content. • Discusses current trends in mobile and wired data usage and their economic implications for content providers, network operators, end users, government regulators, and other players in the Internet ecosystem. • Includes new concepts and background technical knowledge that will help researchers and managers effectively monetize their networks and improve user quality-of-experience. • Provides cutting-edge research on business strategies and initiatives through a diverse collection of perspectives. • Combines academic and industry expertise from multiple disciplines and business organizations. The ideas and background of the technologies and economic principles discussed within these chapters are of real value to practitioners, researchers, and managers in identifying trends and deploying new pricing and network management technologies, and will help support managers in identifying new business directions and innovating solutions to challenging business problems.

Big Data Analytics and Intelligent Techniques for Smart Cities

Big Data Analytics and Intelligent Techniques for Smart Cities
Author: Kolla Bhanu Prakash,Janmenjoy Nayak,B tp Madhhav,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Valentina Emilia Balas
Release: 2021-09-20
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 297
ISBN: 9781000413366
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Big Data Analytics and Intelligent Techniques for Smart Cities covers fundamentals, advanced concepts, and applications of big data analytics for smart cities in a single volume. This comprehensive reference text discusses big data theory modeling and simulation for smart cities and examines case studies in a single volume. The text discusses how to develop a smart city and state-of-the-art system design, system verification, real-time control and adaptation, Internet of Things, and testbeds. It covers applications of smart cities as they relate to smart transportation/connected vehicle (CV) and intelligent transportation systems (ITS) for improved mobility, safety, and environmental protection. It will be useful as a reference text for graduate students in different areas including electrical engineering, computer science engineering, civil engineering, and electronics and communications engineering. Features: Technologies and algorithms associated with the application of big data for smart cities Discussions on big data theory modeling and simulation for smart cities Applications of smart cities as they relate to smart transportation and intelligent transportation systems (ITS) Discussions on concepts including smart education, smart culture, and smart transformation management for social and societal changes

Smart Applications and Data Analysis

Smart Applications and Data Analysis
Author: Mohamed Hamlich,Ladjel Bellatreche,Ali Siadat,Sebastian Ventura
Release: 2023-01-01
Editor: Springer Nature
Pages: 461
ISBN: 9783031204906
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Applications and Data Analysis, SADASC 2022, held in Marrakesh, Morocco,during September 22–24, 2022. The 24 full papers and 11 short papers included in this book were carefully reviewed andselected from 64 submissions. They were organized in topical sections as follows: AI-Driven Methods 1; Networking technologies & IoT; AI-Driven Methods 2; Green Energy, Computing and Technologies 1; AI-Driven Methods 3; Green Energy, Computing and Technologies 2; Case studies and Cyber-Physical Systems 1; Case studies and Cyber-Physical Systems 2; and Case studies and Cyber-Physical Systems 3.

Smart Grids and Big Data Analytics for Smart Cities

Smart Grids and Big Data Analytics for Smart Cities
Author: Chun Sing Lai,Loi Lei Lai,Qi Hong Lai
Release: 2020-10-31
Editor: Springer Nature
Pages: 403
ISBN: 9783030521554
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to different elements of smart city infrastructure - smart energy, smart water, smart health, and smart transportation - and how they work independently and together. Theoretical development and practical applications are presented, along with related standards, recommended practices, and professional guidelines. Throughout the book, diagrams and case studies are provided that demonstrate the systems presented, and extensive use of scenarios helps readers better grasp how smart grids, the Internet of Things, big data analytics, and trading models can improve road safety, healthcare, smart water management, and a low-carbon economy. A must-read for practicing engineers, consultants, regulators, utility operators, and environmentalists involved in smart city development, the book will also appeal to city planners and designers, as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students studying energy, environmental science, technology, economics, signal processing, information science, and power engineering.

Spatial Big Data BIM and advanced GIS for Smart Transformation

Spatial Big Data  BIM and advanced GIS for Smart Transformation
Author: Sara Shirowzhan,Willie Tan,Samad M. E. Sepasgozar
Release: 2020-12-02
Editor: MDPI
Pages: 166
ISBN: 9783039360307
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book covers a range of topics including selective technologies and algorithms that can potentially contribute to developing an intelligent environment and smarter cities. While the connectivity and efficiency of smart cities is important, the analysis of the impact of construction development and large projects in the city is crucial to decision and policy makers, before the project is approved. This book also presents an agenda for future investigations to address the need for advanced tools such as mobile scanners, Geospatial Artificial Intelligence, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Geospatial Augmented Reality apps, Light Detection, and Ranging in smart cities. Some of selected specific tools presented in this book are as a simulator for improving the smart parking practices by modelling drivers with activity plans, a bike optimization algorithm to increase the efficiency of bike stations, an agent-based model simulation of human mobility with the use of mobile phone datasets. In addition, this book describes the use of numerical methods to match the network demand and supply of bicycles, investigate the distribution of railways using different indicators, presents a novel algorithm of direction-aware continuous moving K-nearest neighbor queries in road networks, and presents an efficient staged evacuation planning algorithm for multi-exit buildings.

Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics for Smart Generation

Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics for Smart Generation
Author: Valentina E. Balas,Vijender Kumar Solanki,Raghvendra Kumar,Manju Khari
Release: 2018-12-30
Editor: Springer
Pages: 300
ISBN: 9783030042035
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book discusses emerging technologies in the field of the Internet of Things and big data, an area that will be scaled in next two decades. Written by a team of leading experts, it is the only book focusing on the broad areas of both the Internet of things and big data. The thirteen chapters present real-time experimental methods and theoretical explanations, as well as the implementation of these technologies through various applications. Offering a blend of theory and hands-on practices, the book enables graduate, postgraduate and research students who are involved in real-time project scaling techniques to understand projects and their execution. It is also useful for senior computer students, researchers and industry workers who are involved in experimenting with the Internet of Things and big data technologies, helping them to solve the real-time problem. Moreover, the chapters covering cutting-edge technologies help multidisciplinary researchers who are bridging the gap of two different outset real-time problems.

Too Smart

Too Smart
Author: Jathan Sadowski
Release: 2020-03-24
Editor: MIT Press
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780262357944
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Who benefits from smart technology? Whose interests are served when we trade our personal data for convenience and connectivity? Smart technology is everywhere: smart umbrellas that light up when rain is in the forecast; smart cars that relieve drivers of the drudgery of driving; smart toothbrushes that send your dental hygiene details to the cloud. Nothing is safe from smartification. In Too Smart, Jathan Sadowski looks at the proliferation of smart stuff in our lives and asks whether the tradeoff—exchanging our personal data for convenience and connectivity—is worth it. Who benefits from smart technology? Sadowski explains how data, once the purview of researchers and policy wonks, has become a form of capital. Smart technology, he argues, is driven by the dual imperatives of digital capitalism: extracting data from, and expanding control over, everything and everybody. He looks at three domains colonized by smart technologies' collection and control systems: the smart self, the smart home, and the smart city. The smart self involves more than self-tracking of steps walked and calories burned; it raises questions about what others do with our data and how they direct our behavior—whether or not we want them to. The smart home collects data about our habits that offer business a window into our domestic spaces. And the smart city, where these systems have space to grow, offers military-grade surveillance capabilities to local authorities. Technology gets smart from our data. We may enjoy the conveniences we get in return (the refrigerator says we're out of milk!), but, Sadowski argues, smart technology advances the interests of corporate technocratic power—and will continue to do so unless we demand oversight and ownership of our data.

Smart Data

Smart Data
Author: Kuan-Ching Li,Beniamino Di Martino,Laurence T. Yang,Qingchen Zhang
Release: 2019-03-19
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 410
ISBN: 9780429018039
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Smart Data: State-of-the-Art Perspectives in Computing and Applications explores smart data computing techniques to provide intelligent decision making and prediction services support for business, science, and engineering. It also examines the latest research trends in fields related to smart data computing and applications, including new computing theories, data mining and machine learning techniques. The book features contributions from leading experts and covers cutting-edge topics such as smart data and cloud computing, AI for networking, smart data deep learning, Big Data capture and representation, AI for Big Data applications, and more. Features Presents state-of-the-art research in big data and smart computing Provides a broad coverage of topics in data science and machine learning Combines computing methods with domain knowledge and a focus on applications in science, engineering, and business Covers data security and privacy, including AI techniques Includes contributions from leading researchers

Implementing Data Driven Strategies in Smart Cities

Implementing Data Driven Strategies in Smart Cities
Author: Didier Grimaldi,Carlos Carrasco-Farré
Release: 2021-09-18
Editor: Elsevier
Pages: 254
ISBN: 9780128211236
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Implementing Data-Driven Strategies in Smart Cities is a guidebook and roadmap for practitioners seeking to operationalize data-driven urban interventions. The book opens by exploring the revolution that big data, data science, and the Internet of Things are making feasible for the city. It explores alternate topologies, typologies, and approaches to operationalize data science in cities, drawn from global examples including top-down, bottom-up, greenfield, brownfield, issue-based, and data-driven. It channels and expands on the classic data science model for data-driven urban interventions – data capture, data quality, cleansing and curation, data analysis, visualization and modeling, and data governance, privacy, and confidentiality. Throughout, illustrative case studies demonstrate successes realized in such diverse cities as Barcelona, Cologne, Manila, Miami, New York, Nancy, Nice, São Paulo, Seoul, Singapore, Stockholm, and Zurich. Given the heavy emphasis on global case studies, this work is particularly suitable for any urban manager, policymaker, or practitioner responsible for delivering technological services for the public sector from sectors as diverse as energy, transportation, pollution, and waste management. Explores numerous specific urban interventions drawn from global case studies, helping readers understand real urban challenges and create data-driven solutions Provides a step-by-step and applied holistic guide and methodology for immediate application in the reader’s own business agenda Presents cutting edge technology presentation with coverage of innovations such as the Internet of Things, robotics, 5G, edge/fog computing, blockchain, intelligent transport systems, and connected-automated mobility

The Responsive City

The Responsive City
Author: Stephen Goldsmith,Susan Crawford
Release: 2014-08-11
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Pages: 208
ISBN: 9781118910931
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Leveraging Big Data and 21st century technology to renew cities and citizenship in America The Responsive City is a guide to civic engagement and governance in the digital age that will help leaders link important breakthroughs in technology and data analytics with age-old lessons of small-group community input to create more agile, competitive, and economically resilient cities. Featuring vivid case studies highlighting the work of pioneers in New York, Boston, Chicago and more, the book provides a compelling model for the future of governance. The book will help mayors, chief technology officers, city administrators, agency directors, civic groups and nonprofit leaders break out of current paradigms to collectively address civic problems. The Responsive City is the culmination of research originating from the Data-Smart City Solutions initiative, an ongoing project at Harvard Kennedy School working to catalyze adoption of data projects on the city level. The book is co-authored by Professor Stephen Goldsmith, director of Data-Smart City Solutions at Harvard Kennedy School, and Professor Susan Crawford, co-director of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg penned the book’s foreword. Based on the authors’ experiences and extensive research, The Responsive City explores topics including: Building trust in the public sector and fostering a sustained, collective voice among communities; Using data-smart governance to preempt and predict problems while improving quality of life; Creating efficiencies and saving taxpayer money with digital tools; and Spearheading these new approaches to government with innovative leadership.

Big Data and Smart Digital Environment

Big Data and Smart Digital Environment
Author: Yousef Farhaoui,Laila Moussaid
Release: 2019-02-21
Editor: Springer
Pages: 406
ISBN: 9783030120481
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book reviews the state of the art of big data analysis and smart city. It includes issues which pertain to signal processing, probability models, machine learning, data mining, database, data engineering, pattern recognition, visualisation, predictive analytics, data warehousing, data compression, computer programming, smart city, etc. Data is becoming an increasingly decisive resource in modern societies, economies, and governmental organizations. Data science inspires novel techniques and theories drawn from mathematics, statistics, information theory, computer science, and social science. Papers in this book were the outcome of research conducted in this field of study. The latter makes use of applications and techniques related to data analysis in general and big data and smart city in particular. The book appeals to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, lecturers and industrial researchers, as well as anyone interested in big data analysis and smart city.

Data Privacy for the Smart Grid

Data Privacy for the Smart Grid
Author: Rebecca Herold,Christine Hertzog
Release: 2015-01-15
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 250
ISBN: 9781466573383
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Many Smart Grid books include "privacy" in their title, but only touch on privacy, with most of the discussion focusing on cybersecurity. Filling this knowledge gap, Data Privacy for the Smart Grid provides a clear description of the Smart Grid ecosystem, presents practical guidance about its privacy risks, and details the actions required to prote

Smart Cities and the UN SDGs

Smart Cities and the UN SDGs
Author: Anna Visvizi,Raquel Perez del Hoyo
Release: 2021-04-27
Editor: Elsevier
Pages: 278
ISBN: 9780323859189
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Smart Cities and the UN's SDGs explores how smart cities initiatives intersect with the global goal of making urbanization inclusive, resilient, and sustainable. Topics explored include digital governance, e-democracy, health care access, public-private partnerships, well-being, and more. Examining smart cities concepts, tools, strategies, and obstacles and their applicability to sustainability, the book exposes key structural problems that cities face and how the imperative of sustainability can bypass them. It shows how smart city technological innovation can boost citizens' well-being, serving as a key reference for those seeking to make sense of the issues and challenges of smart cities and SDGs. Includes numerous case studies from around the world Features interdisciplinary insights from academic and practitioner experts Offers an extensive literature review

Management of IOT Open Data Projects in Smart Cities

Management of IOT Open Data Projects in Smart Cities
Author: Cezary Orlowski
Release: 2020-09-24
Editor: Academic Press
Pages: 254
ISBN: 9780128187807
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Management of IoT Open Data Projects in Smart Cities demonstrates a key project management methodology for the implementation of Smart Cities projects: Principles and Regulations for Smart Cities (PaRSC). This methodology adopts a basis in classic Scrum soft management methods with carefully considered expansions. These include design principals for high-level architecture design and recommendations for design at the level of project teams. This approach enables the deployment of rule-based linguistic models for IoT project management, supporting the design of high-level architecture and providing rules for Scrum Smart Cities team. After reading this book, the reader will have a thorough grounding in IoT nodes and methods of their design, the acquisition and use of open data, and the use of project management methods to collect open data and build business models based on them. Presents a unified method for smart urban interventions based on the adjustment of Scrum to the complexity of smart city projects Establishes a key model for intelligent systems verification in Smart Cities projects Demonstrates how practitioners can gain from the adoption of rule-based linguistic models

Big Data and Internet of Things A Roadmap for Smart Environments

Big Data and Internet of Things  A Roadmap for Smart Environments
Author: Nik Bessis,Ciprian Dobre
Release: 2014-03-11
Editor: Springer
Pages: 470
ISBN: 9783319050294
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book presents current progress on challenges related to Big Data management by focusing on the particular challenges associated with context-aware data-intensive applications and services. The book is a state-of-the-art reference discussing progress made, as well as prompting future directions on the theories, practices, standards and strategies that are related to the emerging computational technologies and their association with supporting the Internet of Things advanced functioning for organizational settings including both business and e-science. Apart from inter-operable and inter-cooperative aspects, the book deals with a notable opportunity namely, the current trend in which a collectively shared and generated content is emerged from Internet end-users. Specifically, the book presents advances on managing and exploiting the vast size of data generated from within the smart environment (i.e. smart cities) towards an integrated, collective intelligence approach. The book also presents methods and practices to improve large storage infrastructures in response to increasing demands of the data intensive applications. The book contains 19 self-contained chapters that were very carefully selected based on peer review by at least two expert and independent reviewers and is organized into the three sections reflecting the general themes of interest to the IoT and Big Data communities: Section I: Foundations and Principles Section II: Advanced Models and Architectures Section III: Advanced Applications and Future Trends The book is intended for researchers interested in joining interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary works in the areas of Smart Environments, Internet of Things and various computational technologies for the purpose of an integrated collective computational intelligence approach into the Big Data era.

Machine Intelligence and Data Analytics for Sustainable Future Smart Cities

Machine Intelligence and Data Analytics for Sustainable Future Smart Cities
Author: Uttam Ghosh,Yassine Maleh,Mamoun Alazab,Al-Sakib Khan Pathan
Release: 2021-05-31
Editor: Springer Nature
Pages: 411
ISBN: 9783030720650
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book presents the latest advances in computational intelligence and data analytics for sustainable future smart cities. It focuses on computational intelligence and data analytics to bring together the smart city and sustainable city endeavors. It also discusses new models, practical solutions and technological advances related to the development and the transformation of cities through machine intelligence and big data models and techniques. This book is helpful for students and researchers as well as practitioners.

Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications

Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications
Author: Mohammad Moshirpour,Behrouz Far,Reda Alhajj
Release: 2017-08-22
Editor: Springer
Pages: 168
ISBN: 9783319602554
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book addresses the impacts of various types of services such as infrastructure, platforms, software, and business processes that cloud computing and Big Data have introduced into business. Featuring chapters which discuss effective and efficient approaches in dealing with the inherent complexity and increasing demands in data science, a variety of application domains are covered. Various case studies by data management and analysis experts are presented in these chapters. Covered applications include banking, social networks, bioinformatics, healthcare, transportation and criminology. Highlighting the Importance of Big Data Management and Analysis for Various Applications will provide the reader with an understanding of how data management and analysis are adapted to these applications. This book will appeal to researchers and professionals in the field.