Demonic Males

Demonic Males
Author: Richard W. Wrangham,Dale Peterson
Release: 1996
Editor: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Pages: 372
ISBN: 0395877431
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Draws on recent discoveries about human evolution to examine whether violence among men is a product of their primitive heritage, and searches for solutions to the problems of war, rape, and murder

The Goodness Paradox

The Goodness Paradox
Author: Richard Wrangham
Release: 2019
Editor: Pantheon
Pages: 402
ISBN: 9781101870907
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

"Highly accessible, authoritative, and intellectually provocative, a startlingly original theory of how Homo sapiens came to be: Richard Wrangham forcefully argues that, a quarter of a million years ago, rising intelligence among our ancestors led to a unique new ability with unexpected consequences: our ancestors invented socially sanctioned capital punishment, facilitating domestication, increased cooperation, the accumulation of culture, and ultimately the rise of civilization itself. Throughout history even as quotidian life has exhibited calm and tolerance war has never been far away, and even within societies violence can be a threat. The Goodness Paradox gives a new and powerful argument for how and why this uncanny combination of peacefulness and violence crystallized after our ancestors acquired language in Africa a quarter of a million years ago. Words allowed the sharing of intentions that enabled men effectively to coordinate their actions. Verbal conspiracies paved the way for planned conflicts and, most importantly, for the uniquely human act of capital punishment. The victims of capital punishment tended to be aggressive men, and as their genes waned, our ancestors became tamer. This ancient form of systemic violence was critical, not only encouraging cooperation in peace and war and in culture, but also for making us who we are: Homo sapiens"--

Catching Fire

Catching Fire
Author: Richard Wrangham
Release: 2010-08-06
Editor: Profile Books
Pages: 309
ISBN: 9781847652102
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

In this stunningly original book, Richard Wrangham argues that it was cooking that caused the extraordinary transformation of our ancestors from apelike beings to Homo erectus. At the heart of Catching Fire lies an explosive new idea: the habit of eating cooked rather than raw food permitted the digestive tract to shrink and the human brain to grow, helped structure human society, and created the male-female division of labour. As our ancestors adapted to using fire, humans emerged as "the cooking apes". Covering everything from food-labelling and overweight pets to raw-food faddists, Catching Fire offers a startlingly original argument about how we came to be the social, intelligent, and sexual species we are today. "This notion is surprising, fresh and, in the hands of Richard Wrangham, utterly persuasive ... Big, new ideas do not come along often in evolution these days, but this is one." -Matt Ridley, author of Genome

Mother of Demons

Mother of Demons
Author: Eric Flint
Release: 1997-09-02
Editor: Baen Books
Pages: 165
ISBN: 9781625797339
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

A mercenary outcast with a perversion no one cared to think about. A holy leader, who knows her people are on the verge of great upheaval—and who wants to know more about this new tribe of demons. A battle-mother, possibly the greatest battle-mother who ever lived—if the rules of her tribe don't force her into a battle even she can't win. A keeper of the secrets of history who would control the tides of fate—if only she could. A paleobiologist with a terrible sense of humor. They are all revolutionaries, but none of them expected anything like what they're about to experience. At the publisher's request, this title is sold without DRM (Digital Rights Management).

Chimpanzee Cultures

Chimpanzee Cultures
Author: Richard W. Wrangham,W. C. McGrew
Release: 1996
Editor: Harvard University Press
Pages: 454
ISBN: 0674116631
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Compares and contrasts the ecology, social relations, and cognition of chimpanzees, bonobos, and occasionally, gorillas.

Practical Pacifism

Practical Pacifism
Author: Andrew Fiala
Release: 2004
Editor: Algora Publishing
Pages: 245
ISBN: 9780875862927
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The United States has a unique responsibility and opportunity to use democracy to end war; but, after 9/11, many can no longer imagine pacifism in any form. Practical Pacifism argues for an approach to peace that aims beyond religion toward a moral consensus that is developed pragmatically through dialogue aimed at overlapping consensus.

Chimpanzee Travels

Chimpanzee Travels
Author: Dale Peterson
Release: 2003
Editor: University of Georgia Press
Pages: 294
ISBN: 0820324892
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

A lifelong fascination with primates led Dale Peterson to Africa, which he crisscrossed in hope of sighting chimpanzees in the wild. As with any adventure worth retelling, however, Peterson's detours are as notable as his destinations. With the good-natured fatalism of the tested traveler, Peterson tells of trains and riverboats, opportunists and ecotourists, rain forests and shantytowns as he conveys the pitfalls of going forth on a budget as tiny as the continent is vast. Along the way, we also meet Jane Goodall and several other renowned primate researchers and caretakers. This is travel writing with a purpose, an account that inspires both admiration and concern for Africa's people, places, and natural diversity.

War Peace and Human Nature

War  Peace  and Human Nature
Author: Douglas P. Fry
Release: 2015-02
Editor: Oxford University Press
Pages: 583
ISBN: 9780190232467
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

"The chapters in this book [posit] that humans clearly have the capacity to make war, but since war is absent in some cultures, it cannot be viewed as a human universal. And counter to frequent presumption, the actual archaeological record reveals the recent emergence of war. It does not typify the ancestral type of human society, the nomadic forager band, and contrary to widespread assumptions, there is little support for the idea that war is ancient or an evolved adaptation. Views of human nature as inherently warlike stem not from the facts but from cultural views embedded in Western thinking"--Amazon.com.

Visions of Caliban

Visions of Caliban
Author: Dale Peterson,Jane Goodall
Release: 2000
Editor: University of Georgia Press
Pages: 410
ISBN: 0820322067
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The authors use Shakespeare's Tempest as a metaphor for the relationship between people and chimps, exploring the very human aspects of this remarkable species. Original.

Romancing the Novel

Romancing the Novel
Author: Margaret Bruzelius
Release: 2007
Editor: Bucknell University Press
Pages: 294
ISBN: 0838756441
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Romancing the Novel examines the ways in which romance forms characteristic of "boys' books" as exemplified in the novels of Scott, Dumas, Verne, and Stevenson influence narratives not generally put in the same category, both psychoanalytical accounts of the psyche and novels by authors as diverse as George Eliot, Ursula Le Guin, Joseph Conrad, and W. G. Sebald. Romancing the Novel's reading of adventure tradition should be of interest to scholars of nineteenth- and twentieth-century fiction, popular and children's literature, feminist scholars, and scholars of narrative and prose fiction. In its reading of adventure and the masculine romance, Romancing the Novel returns to the persistent question of genre that underlies criticism of the novel throughout the twentieth century in order to reassert the primacy of romance forms and fictionality.

What It Means to Be 98 Chimpanzee

What It Means to Be 98  Chimpanzee
Author: Jonathan Marks
Release: 2003-11-01
Editor: Univ of California Press
Pages: 336
ISBN: 9780520930766
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Marks presents the field of molecular anthropology—a synthesis of the holistic approach of anthropology with the reductive approach of molecular genetics—as a way of improving our understanding of the science of human evolution. This iconoclastic, witty, and extremely readable book illuminates the deep background of our place in nature and asks us to think critically about what science is, and what passes for it, in modern society.

Demonic Possession and Lived Religion in Later Medieval Europe

Demonic Possession and Lived Religion in Later Medieval Europe
Author: Sari Katajala-Peltomaa
Release: 2020-03-04
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Pages: 222
ISBN: 9780198850465
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Demonic possession was a spiritual state that often had physical symptoms; however, in Demonic Possession and Lived Religion in Later Medieval Europe, Sari Katajala-Peltomaa argues that demonic possession was a social phenomenon which should be understood with regard to the community and culture. She focuses on significant case studies from canonization processes (c. 1240-1450) which show how each set of sources formed its own specific context, in which demonic presence derived from different motivations, reasonings, and methods of categorization. The chosen perspective is that of lived religion, which is both a thematic approach and a methodology: a focus on rituals, symbols, and gestures, as well as sensitivity to nuances and careful contextualizing of the cases are constitutive elements of the argumentation. The analysis contests the hierarchy between the 'learned' and the 'popular' within religion, as well as the existence of a strict polarity between individual and collective religious participation. Demonic presence disclosed negotiations over authority and agency; it shows how the personal affected the communal, and vice versa, and how they were eventually transformed into discourses and institutions of the Church; that is, definitions of the miraculous and the diabolical. Geographically, the volume covers Western Europe, comparing Northern and Southern material and customs. The structure follows the logic of the phenomenon, beginning with the background reasons offered as a cause of demonic possession, continuing with communities' responses and emotions, including construction of sacred caregiving methods. Finally, the ways in which demonic presence contributed to wider societal debates in the fields of politics and spirituality are discussed. Alterity and inversion of identity, gender, and various forms of corporeality and the interplay between the sacred and diabolical are themes that run all through the volume.

Femlandia

Femlandia
Author: Christina Dalcher
Release: 2021-10-19
Editor: Penguin
Pages: 337
ISBN: 9780593201121
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

One of PureWow’s 9 Books We Can’t Wait to Read in October! A chilling look into an alternate near future where a woman and her daughter seek refuge in a women-only colony, only to find that the safe haven they were hoping for is the most dangerous place they could be. Miranda Reynolds always thought she would rather die than live in Femlandia. But that was before the country sank into total economic collapse and her husband walked out in the harshest, most permanent way, leaving her and her sixteen-year-old daughter with nothing. The streets are full of looting, robbing, and killing, and Miranda and Emma no longer have much choice—either starve and risk getting murdered, or find safety. And so they set off to Femlandia, the women-only colony Miranda's mother, Win Somers, established decades ago. Although Win is no longer in the spotlight, her protégé Jen Jones has taken Femlandia to new heights: The off-grid colonies are secluded, self-sufficient, and thriving—and Emma is instantly enchanted by this idea of a safe haven. But something is not right. There are no men allowed in the colony, but babies are being born—and they're all girls. Miranda discovers just how the all-women community is capable of enduring, and it leads her to question how far her mother went to create this perfect, thriving, horrifying society.

The Evolution of Evil

The Evolution of Evil
Author: Gaymon Bennett,Martinez Joseph Hewlett,Robert John Russell
Release: 2008
Editor: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Pages: 368
ISBN: 9783525569795
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The collection of essays attempt to clarify the problem of evil as shaped by evolutionary biology, examining its scientific, historical, philosophical, and theological elements, and offering a new approach to a Christian theodicy.

Vanishing Coup

Vanishing Coup
Author: Ivan Perkins
Release: 2013-10-10
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
Pages: 374
ISBN: 9781442222724
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This thoughtful and engaging book offers the first extended analysis of coups, a central factor shaping world history and politics. Ivan Perkins introduces a new theory to explain why a military coup or revolution is such an unthinkable prospect in advanced democracies. Focusing especially on the first three coup-free states—the Venetian Republic, Great Britain, and the United States—the book traces the evolutionary origins of political violence and the historical rise of republican government. Perkins concludes with a new explanation for the “democratic peace” and shows why coup-free states form enduring alliances.

Man the Hunted

Man the Hunted
Author: Donna Hart
Release: 2018-04-17
Editor: Routledge
Pages: 376
ISBN: 9780429978715
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Man the Hunted argues that primates, including the earliest members of the human family, have evolved as the prey of any number of predators, including wild cats and dogs, hyenas, snakes, crocodiles, and even birds. The authors' studies of predators on monkeys and apes are supplemented here with the observations of naturalists in the field and revealing interpretations of the fossil record. Eyewitness accounts of the 'man the hunted' drama being played out even now give vivid evidence of its prehistoric significance. This provocative view of human evolution suggests that countless adaptations that have allowed our species to survive (from larger brains to speech), stem from a considerably more vulnerable position on the food chain than we might like to imagine. The myth of early humans as fearless hunters dominating the earth obscures our origins as just one of many species that had to be cautious, depend on other group members, communicate danger, and come to terms with being merely one cog in the complex cycle of life.

The Moral Lives of Animals

The Moral Lives of Animals
Author: Dale Peterson
Release: 2011-03-15
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9781608193646
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Wild elephants walking along a trail stop and spontaneously try to protect and assist a weak and dying fellow elephant. Laboratory rats, finding other rats caged nearby in distressing circumstances, proceed to rescue them. A chimpanzee in a zoo loses his own life trying to save an unrelated infant who has fallen into a watery moat. The examples above and many others, argues Dale Peterson, show that our fellow creatures have powerful impulses toward cooperation, generosity, and fairness. Yet it is commonly held that we Homo sapiens are the only animals with a moral sense-that we are somehow above and apart from our fellow creatures. This rigorous and stimulating book challenges that notion, and it shows the profound connections-the moral continuum-that link humans to many other species. Peterson shows how much animal behavior follows principles embodied in humanity's ancient moral codes, from the Ten Commandments to the New Testament. Understanding the moral lives of animals offers new insight into our own.

Selfie

Selfie
Author: Will Storr
Release: 2019-04-02
Editor: Abrams
Pages: 416
ISBN: 9781468315905
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

“An intriguing odyssey” though the history of the self and the rise of narcissism (The New York Times). Self-absorption, perfectionism, personal branding—it wasn’t always like this, but it’s always been a part of us. Why is the urge to look at ourselves so powerful? Is there any way to break its spell—especially since it doesn’t necessarily make us better or happier people? Full of unexpected connections among history, psychology, economics, neuroscience, and more, Selfie is a “terrific” book that makes sense of who we have become (NPR’s On Point). Award-winning journalist Will Storr takes us from ancient Greece, through the Christian Middle Ages, to the self-esteem evangelists of 1980s California, the rise of the “selfie generation,” and the era of hyper-individualism in which we live now, telling the epic tale of the person we all know so intimately—because it’s us. “It’s easy to look at Instagram and selfie-sticks and shake our heads at millennial narcissism. But Will Storr takes a longer view. He ignores the easy targets and instead tells the amazing 2,500-year story of how we’ve come to think about our selves. A top-notch journalist, historian, essayist, and sleuth, Storr has written an essential book for understanding, and coping with, the 21st century.” —Nathan Hill, New York Times-bestselling author of The Nix “This fascinating psychological and social history . . . reveals how biology and culture conspire to keep us striving for perfection, and the devastating toll that can take.”—The Washington Post “Ably synthesizes centuries of attitudes and beliefs about selfhood, from Aristotle, John Calvin, and Freud to Sartre, Ayn Rand, and Steve Jobs.” —USA Today “Eminently suitable for readers of both Yuval Noah Harari and Daniel Kahneman, Selfie also has shades of Jon Ronson in its subversive humor and investigative spirit.” —Bookseller “Storr is an electrifying analyst of Internet culture.” —Financial Times “Continually delivers rich insights . . . captivating.” —Kirkus Reviews

The Evolution of Human Sociality

The Evolution of Human Sociality
Author: Stephen K. Sanderson
Release: 2001
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
Pages: 430
ISBN: 0847695352
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This text attempts a broad theoretical synthesis within the field of sociology and its closely allied sister discipline of anthropology. It draws together these disciplines' theoretical approaches into a synthesized theory called Darwinian conflict theory.

Violence

Violence
Author: Alex Alvarez,Ronet Bachman
Release: 2016-10-14
Editor: SAGE Publications
Pages: 645
ISBN: 9781506349084
Language: en
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DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The Third Edition of Violence: The Enduring Problem offers an interdisciplinary and reader-friendly exploration of the patterns and correlations of individual and collective violent acts using the most contemporary research, theories, and cases. Responding to the fear of pervasive violence in the world, authors Alex Alvarez and Ronet Bachman address the various legislative, social, and political efforts to curb violent behavior. They expertly incorporate a wide range of the most current cases to help readers interpret the nature and dynamics of a variety of different, yet connected, forms of violence. While most texts of this type simply cover individual acts of violence, this book offers readers a broader perspective, covering more collective violence activities such as terrorism, mob violence, and genocide.