Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications

Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
Author: R Fangueiro
Release: 2011-04-19
Editor: Elsevier
Pages: 420
ISBN: 9780857092526
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The use of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles, is an important and interesting development. Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications analyses the types and properties of fibrous textile and structures and their applications in reinforcement and civil engineering. Part one introduces different types of fibrous textiles and structures. Chapters cover the properties of natural and man-made fibres and of yarns, as well as an overview of textile structures. Part two focuses on fibrous material use in concrete reinforcement, with chapters on the properties and applications of steel fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and the role of fibre reinforcement in mitigating shrinkage cracks. In part three, the applications of fibrous material-based composites in civil engineering are covered. Chapters concentrate on production techniques and applications such as reinforcement of internal structures, structural health monitoring and textile materials in architectural membranes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications is a standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field. Explores the development of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles Key topics include short fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites A standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering
Author: Thanasis Triantafillou
Release: 2016-02-08
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: 470
ISBN: 9781782424697
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts on recent developments, the use of textile fiber composites in civil engineering, and a focus on both new and existing structures. Textile-based composites are new materials for civil engineers. Recent developments have demonstrated their potential in the prefabrication of concrete structures and as a tool for both strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing concrete and masonry structures, including those of a historical value. The book reviews materials, production technologies, fundamental properties, testing, design aspects, applications, and directions for future research and developments. Following the opening introductory chapter, Part One covers materials, production technologies, and the manufacturing of textile fiber composites for structural and civil engineering. Part Two moves on to review testing, mechanical behavior, and durability aspects of textile fiber composites used in structural and civil engineering. Chapters here cover topics such as the durability of structural elements and bond aspects in textile fiber composites. Part Three analyzes the structural behavior and design of textile reinforced concrete. This section includes a number of case studies providing thorough coverage of the topic. The final section of the volume details the strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing structures. Chapters investigate concrete and masonry structures, in addition to providing information and insights on future directions in the field. The book is a key volume for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students working in civil and structural engineering and those working with advanced construction materials. Details the range of materials and production technologies used in textile fiber composites Analyzes the durability of textile fiber composites, including case studies into the structural behavior of textile reinforced concrete Reviews the processes involved in strengthening existing concrete structures

Natural Fiber Composites

Natural Fiber Composites
Author: Shishir Sinha,G.L Devnani
Release: 2022-07-06
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 387
ISBN: 9781000609011
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book focuses on the key areas and issues related to natural fibers and their reinforced polymer composites. It begins with an introduction and classification of natural fibers and their different extraction methods, followed by characterization techniques. Further, this book gives solutions to improved adhesion between natural fibers and different polymer matrices via different chemical, physical, and biological treatment methods. Fabrication procedures and characterization techniques for development and testing of composites, including processing, development, and characterization, have been included as well. Applications of these composite materials for food packaging and structural and semi-structural applications are also explained. FEATURES Describes the extraction process of natural fibers with comparisons Covers the fundamental concepts for the characterization of natural fiber composites Includes a comparative study of different polymer matrices Provides insight about various fabrication methods Discusses diverse applications of these novel materials and the scope for commercialization and entrepreneurship This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in materials, polymers, composites and characterization, textile engineering, chemical, civil, and mechanical engineering.

Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications

Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications
Author: Sohel Rana,Raul Fangueiro
Release: 2016-01-22
Editor: Springer
Pages: 394
ISBN: 9789811002342
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book focuses on the fibers and textiles used in composite materials. It presents both existing technologies currently used in commercial applications and the latest advanced research and developments. It also discusses the different fiber forms and architectures, such as short fibers, unidirectional tows, directionally oriented structures or advanced 2D- and 3D-textile structures that are used in composite materials. In addition, it examines various synthetic, natural and metallic fibers that are used to reinforce polymeric, cementitious and metallic matrices, as well as fiber properties, special functionalities, manufacturing processes, and composite processing and properties. Two entire chapters are dedicated to advanced nanofiber and nanotube reinforced composite materials. The book goes on to highlight different surface treatments and finishes that are applied to improve fiber/matrix interfaces and other essential composite properties. Although a great deal of information about fibers and textile structures used for composite applications is already available, this is the only book currently available that discusses all types of fibers and structures used to reinforce polymers, cement, metal or soil to improve their general performance and multi-functional behaviors. As such, it fills an important gap in the available literature and provides a valuable resource for a wide range of students and researchers from academia and industry.

Date Palm Fiber Composites

Date Palm Fiber Composites
Author: Mohamad Midani,Naheed Saba,Othman Y. Alothman
Release: 2020-11-11
Editor: Springer Nature
Pages: 440
ISBN: 9789811593390
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book covers the recent research advances on the utilization of date palm fibers as a new source of cellulosic fibers that can be used in the reinforcement of polymer composites. It discusses the competitive mechanical, physical, and chemical properties which make date palm fibers stand out as an alternative to other fibers currently used in the natural fiber composites market. This volume will be useful to researchers working on natural fiber composites and fiber reinforced composites looking to develop green, biodegradable and sustainable components for application in automotive, marine, aerospace, construction, wind energy and consumer goods sectors.

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Seiko Jose
Release: 2022-08-16
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: 468
ISBN: 9780128240571
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Wool Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites is an in-depth and practical exploration of wool-based composites, covering everything from the morphology of wool fiber to the industrial applications of wool composites. Wool has emerged in the top position for this role because of its unique characteristics. While fine wool is too costly for many such applications, coarse wool of greater than 35 microns fiber length is globally under-utilized. This pioneering book describes every form of wool composite, woven, nonwoven, felt and fiber, including different fabrication methods. In unique detail, the international team of expert contributors describe the morphology, structure and properties of wool, methods for the chemical modification of wool, different forms of wool-polymer composites, and many exciting emerging applications. Provides technical details on a wide range of applications of wool-fiber polymer composites, including in construction and medicine Draws on an interdisciplinary panel of experts from fields such as textiles, polymer science and chemistry to create a guide for readers of all backgrounds Describes wool characterization techniques in detail

Fabrication and Machining of Advanced Materials and Composites

Fabrication and Machining of Advanced Materials and Composites
Author: Subhash Singh,Dinesh Kumar
Release: 2022-10-21
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 228
ISBN: 9781000755879
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This reference text discusses processing, structure, and properties of metal matrix composites, polymer matrix composites, and ceramic matrix composites for applications in high end engineering equipment, biomedical and nano-biotechnology areas. The text begins by discussing fundamentals, classification, designing and fabrication of composite materials, followed by ultrasonic vibration assisted machining of advanced materials, fabrication of transparent advanced composites, fabrication of composites via microwave sintering, and hybrid machining of metal-matrix composites. It covers important topics including fabrication of shape-memory polymers, additive manufacturing for the fabrication of composites, 3D printing processes for biomedical applications, and ultrasonic vibration assisted machining of advanced materials. The text will be useful for undergraduate, graduate students, and academic researchers in areas including materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing science, aerospace engineering, electronics and communication engineering The book- Covers processing, structure, and properties of metal matrix composites, polymer matrix composites, and ceramic matrix composites. Discusses nano materials and their potential applications in the area of biomedical and nano-biotechnology. Provides modern processing techniques to synthesize advance materials. Explores applicability of the materials using mechanical, chemical, thermal and electrical tests. Discussing advanced materials, their manufacturing techniques and applications in diverse areas including automotive, aerospace engineering, biomedical, this text will be useful for undergraduate, graduate students, and academic researchers in areas including materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing science, aerospace engineering, electronics and communication engineering. It will further discuss electro discharge machining of steels using chromium alloy-based electrodes, and advanced machining techniques for hard materials.

Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection

Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection
Author: Xiaogang Chen
Release: 2016-01-21
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: 548
ISBN: 9781782424840
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection provides the latest information on ballistic protection, a topic that remains an important issue in modern times due to ever increasing threats coming from regional conflicts, terrorism, and anti-social behavior. The basic requirements for ballistic protection equipment are first and foremost, the prevention of a projectile from perforating, the reduction of blunt trauma to the human body caused by ballistic impact, the necessity that they are thermal and provide moisture comfort, and that they are lightweight and flexible to guarantee wearer’s mobility. The main aim of this book is to present some of the most recent developments in the design and engineering of woven fabrics and their use as layering materials to form composite structures for ballistic personal protection. Chapter topics include High Performance Ballistic Fibres, Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Ballistic Damage of Hybrid Composite Materials, Analysis of Ballistic Fabrics and Layered Composite Materials, and Multi-Scale Modeling of Polymeric Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection. Contributions from leading experts in the field Cutting edge developments on the engineering of ballistic materials Comprehensive analysis of the development and uses of advanced fibrous composite materials

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced Fibre Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Structural Applications
Author: Jiping Bai
Release: 2022-12-05
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: 844
ISBN: 9780128203477
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Advanced Fibre-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Structural Applications, Second Edition provides updates on new research that has been carried out on the use of FRP composites for structural applications. These include the further development of advanced FRP composites materials that achieve lighter and stronger FRP composites, how to enhance FRP integrated behavior through matrix modification, along with information on pretension treatments and intelligence technology. The development of new technology such as automated manufacturing and processing of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have played a significant role in optimizing fabrication processing and matrix formation. In this new edition, all chapters have been brought fully up-to-date to take on the key aspects mentioned above. The book's chapters cover all areas relevant to advanced FRP composites, from the material itself, its manufacturing, properties, testing and applications in structural and civil engineering. Applications span from civil engineering, to buildings and the energy industry. Covers all areas relevant to advanced FRP composites, from the material itself, its manufacturing, properties, testing and applications in structural engineering Features new manufacturing techniques, such as automated fiber placement and 3D printing of composites Includes various applications, such as prestressed-FRP, FRP made of short fibers, continuous structural health monitoring using advanced optical fiber Bragg grating (FBG), durability of FRP-strengthened structures, and the application of carbon nano-tubes or platelets for enhancing durability of FRP-bonded structures

New Materials in Civil Engineering

New Materials in Civil Engineering
Author: Pijush Samui,Dookie Kim,Nagesh R. Iyer,Sandeep Chaudhary
Release: 2020-07-07
Editor: Butterworth-Heinemann
Pages: 1104
ISBN: 9780128190753
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

New Materials in Civil Engineering provides engineers and scientists with the tools and methods needed to meet the challenge of designing and constructing more resilient and sustainable infrastructures. This book is a valuable guide to the properties, selection criteria, products, applications, lifecycle and recyclability of advanced materials. It presents an A-to-Z approach to all types of materials, highlighting their key performance properties, principal characteristics and applications. Traditional materials covered include concrete, soil, steel, timber, fly ash, geosynthetic, fiber-reinforced concrete, smart materials, carbon fiber and reinforced polymers. In addition, the book covers nanotechnology and biotechnology in the development of new materials. Covers a variety of materials, including fly ash, geosynthetic, fiber-reinforced concrete, smart materials, carbon fiber reinforced polymer and waste materials Provides a “one-stop resource of information for the latest materials and practical applications Includes a variety of different use case studies

The Structural Integrity of Carbon Fiber Composites

The Structural Integrity of Carbon Fiber Composites
Author: Peter W. R Beaumont,Constantinos Soutis,Alma Hodzic
Release: 2016-11-26
Editor: Springer
Pages: 969
ISBN: 9783319461205
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book brings together a diverse compilation of inter-disciplinary chapters on fundamental aspects of carbon fiber composite materials and multi-functional composite structures: including synthesis, characterization, and evaluation from the nano-structure to structure meters in length. The content and focus of contributions under the umbrella of structural integrity of composite materials embraces topics at the forefront of composite materials science and technology, the disciplines of mechanics, and development of a new predictive design methodology of the safe operation of engineering structures from cradle to grave. Multi-authored papers on multi-scale modelling of problems in material design and predicting the safe performance of engineering structure illustrate the inter-disciplinary nature of the subject. The book examines topics such as Stochastic micro-mechanics theory and application for advanced composite systems Construction of the evaluation process for structural integrity of material and structure Nano- and meso-mechanics modelling of structure evolution during the accumulation of damage Statistical meso-mechanics of composite materials Hierarchical analysis including "age-aware," high-fidelity simulation and virtual mechanical testing of composite structures right up to the point of failure. The volume is ideal for scientists, engineers, and students interested in carbon fiber composite materials, and other composite material systems.

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering
Author: Manoochehr Zoghi
Release: 2013-09-26
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 708
ISBN: 9780849320132
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become an integral part of the construction industry because of their versatility, enhanced durability and resistance to fatigue and corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, accelerated construction, and lower maintenance and life-cycle costs. Advanced FRP composite materials are also emerging for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. These include everything from bridge decks, bridge strengthening and repairs, and seismic retrofit to marine waterfront structures and sustainable, energy-efficient housing. The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, specifically for civil infrastructure. With a focus on professional applications, the handbook supplies design guidelines and standards of practice from around the world. It also includes helpful design formulas, tables, and charts to provide immediate answers to common questions. Organized into seven parts, the handbook covers: FRP fundamentals, including history, codes and standards, manufacturing, materials, mechanics, and life-cycle costs Bridge deck applications and the critical topic of connection design for FRP structural members External reinforcement for rehabilitation, including the strengthening of reinforced concrete, masonry, wood, and metallic structures FRP composites for the reinforcement of concrete structures, including material characteristics, design procedures, and quality assurance–quality control (QA/QC) issues Hybrid FRP composite systems, with an emphasis on design, construction, QA/QC, and repair Quality control, quality assurance, and evaluation using nondestructive testing, and in-service monitoring using structural health monitoring of FRP composites, including smart composites that can actively sense and respond to the environment and internal states FRP-related books, journals, conference proceedings, organizations, and research sources Comprehensive yet concise, this is an invaluable reference for practicing engineers and construction professionals, as well as researchers and students. It offers ready-to-use information on how FRP composites can be more effectively utilized in new construction, repair and reconstruction, and architectural engineering.

Emerging Trends of Advanced Composite Materials in Structural Applications

Emerging Trends of Advanced Composite Materials in Structural Applications
Author: Shamsher Bahadur Singh,Madappa V. R. Sivasubramanian,Himanshu Chawla
Release: 2021
Editor: Springer Nature
Pages: 373
ISBN: 9789811616884
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book introduces different advanced composite materials used in construction of civil engineering infrastructures. It reflects the latest manufacturing processes and applications in the civil structures. This book also includes test cases and its validation with finite element method using computer software. Moreover, the book also deals with design methodology of advanced composite materials based on different applications. The comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research on the composite materials presented herein is of interest to scientists, researchers, students and engineers, and practitioners in general working in area of innovative composite materials and structures. This book is also helpful for Ph.D. research scholars for developing their fundamental understanding on advanced materials, and it is also appropriate for master and undergraduate level courses on composite materials.

Advanced Technology for Design and Fabrication of Composite Materials and Structures

Advanced Technology for Design and Fabrication of Composite Materials and Structures
Author: George C. Sih,Alberto Carpinteri,G. Surace
Release: 2013-03-09
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
Pages: 438
ISBN: 9789401585637
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

The last decade has seen a significant growth in the processing and fabrication of advanced composite materials. This volume contains the up-to-date contributions of those with working experience in the automotive, marine, aerospace and construction field. Starting with modern technologies concerned with assessing the change in material microstructure in terms of the processing parameters, methodologies are offered to account for tradeoffs between the fundamental variables such as temperature and pressure that control the product quality. The book contains new ideas and data, not available in the open literature.

Natural Filler and Fibre Composites

Natural Filler and Fibre Composites
Author: S. Syngellakis
Release: 2015-06-23
Editor: WIT Press
Pages: 237
ISBN: 9781784661472
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Natural Filler and Fibre Composites comprises a collection of articles dedicated to a range of materials with natural constituents, currently attracting considerable interest among researchers and engineers due to their environmental advantages. The purpose of the collection is to disseminate knowledge about and insight into the composition, structure, manufacture and properties of these materials in order to facilitate progress towards their further development as well as their wider adoption in engineering practice. A wide range of issues is addressed starting with a review of treatments and properties that render several plant fibres applicable to engineering design. The volume includes several accounts of advanced manufacturing processes involving cellulose nanofibres and nanocrystals as well as micro-fibrillated cellulose as reinforcing substances. Another innovative process begins with the manufacture of composite fabric through plaiting a polymer fibre around natural yarn; this fabric is subsequently heat moulded into a fibre-reinforced composite. Special moulding techniques for combining jute fibres and rice straw with a biodegradable matrix are the focus of a number of articles. Biodegradability is another important issue addressed. The biomass carbon ratio is defined as a measure of biodegradability and its value determined for certain composites; the degradation process is assessed under simulated and natural weathering exposures. Experimental results are provided on mechanical and thermal properties of various fibres and composites reinforced with them. In particular, the described investigations concern the performance of such composites under tension and flexure, their fracture behaviour, their impact resistance and their thermal conductivity. In summary, this volume describes a wide variety of innovative manufacturing processes, involving many natural materials, used both as reinforcement and matrix, as well as composite performance assessments under various conditions. As such, it is expected to make a valuable reference publication for engineers and scientists interested in the development and industrial applications of environmentally friendly composites.

Construction Materials Their Nature and Behaviour

Construction Materials   Their Nature and Behaviour
Author: Dr J M Illston,J.M. Illston
Release: 1993-12-02
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 548
ISBN: 0419154701
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book provides complete coverage of the main construction materials for undergraduate students on civil engineering and other construction courses. It creates an understanding of materials and how they perform through a knowledge of their chemical and physical structure, leading to an ability to judge their behaviour in service in construction. Descriptions of important properties are related back to the structure and forward to basic practical considerations.

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Author: S.M. Sapuan
Release: 2017-03-15
Editor: Butterworth-Heinemann
Pages: 338
ISBN: 9780128026458
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Composite Materials: Concurrent Engineering Approach covers different aspects of concurrent engineering approaches in the development of composite products. It is an equally valuable reference for teachers, students, and industry sectors, including information and knowledge on concurrent engineering for composites that are gathered together in one comprehensive resource. Contains information that is specially designed for concurrent engineering studies Includes new topics on conceptual design in the context of concurrent engineering for composites Presents new topics on composite materials selection in the context of concurrent engineering for composites Written by an expert in both areas (concurrent engineering and composites) Provides information on ‘green’ composites

Plant Fibers their Composites and Applications

Plant Fibers  their Composites  and Applications
Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Togay Ozbakkaloglu,Hao Wang
Release: 2022-05-20
Editor: Woodhead Publishing
Pages: 510
ISBN: 9780323852906
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Plant Fibers, their Composites, and Applications provides a systematic and comprehensive account of recent research into plant fibers, including the synthesis of plant fiber reinforced polymer composites, characterization techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. Plant fibers have generated great interest among material scientists due to their characteristics, which include availability, low cost, biodegradability, easy processability, excellent thermo-mechanical properties, low acoustic properties. They have been proven to be excellent replacements for synthetic fibers and have found applications in advanced polymer composites. Coverage includes every stage of working with plant fibers, including synthesis, processing, characterization, applications, recycling, and life cycle assessment of plant fibers and their composites. Drawing on work from leading researchers in industry, academia, government and private research institutions across the globe, this is a definitive one-stop reference for anyone working with plant fibers. Addresses emerging applications of plant fiber reinforced polymer composites in automotive, aerospace and construction and building applications Provides detailed coverage of the modern processing technologies and synthesis for plant fibers and their composites Includes valuable technical information relating to a range of new and nonconventional plant fibers

Advanced Composite Materials and Structures

Advanced Composite Materials and Structures
Author: Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan,Vishesh Ranjan Kar,Subrata Kumar Panda,Kandaswamy Jayakrishna
Release: 2022-08-12
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9781000634839
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

This book bridges the gap between the theoretical concepts and their implementations, especially for the high-performance structures/components related to advanced composite materials. It focusses on the prediction of various structural responses such as deformations, natural frequencies etc. of advanced composites under complex environments and/or loading conditions. In addition, it discusses micro-mechanical material modeling of various advanced composite materials including different structures ranging from basic to advanced, such as beam, flat and curved panel, shell, skewed, corrugated etc. and various solution techniques via analytical, semi-analytical and numerical approaches. Covers micro-mechanical material modeling of advanced composite materials Describes constitutive models of different composite materials and kinematic models of different structural configuration Discusses pertinent analytical, semi-analytical and numerical techniques Focusses on structural responses relating to deformations, natural frequencies, critical loads, under complex environments Presents actual demonstration of theoretical concepts applied to real examples using Ansys APDL scripts This book is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in mechanical engineering, material science, material engineering, structural engineering, aerospace engineering, and composite materials.

Construction Materials

Construction Materials
Author: Martin Preene
Release: 2001-08-30
Editor: CRC Press
Pages: 583
ISBN: 9780203478981
Language: en
Available for:

DESCRIPTION BOOK:

Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition of this popular textbook continues to provide a comprehensive coverage of the main construction materials for undergraduate students of civil engineering and construction related courses. It creates an understanding of materials and how they perform through a knowledge of their chemical and physical