Porcelain

Porcelain

Download

SUMMARY:

"This is a history of porcelain as a business and consumer product, from the eighteenth century to the present day. Many books have been written on Chinese porcelain as an exotic import from Asia, but this book tells the history of the Central European reinvention and mass production of the material. Porcelain was first invented in medieval China, but the evolution of what its first producers called "white gold" was set in motion by Saxon king Augustus the Strong. Augustus obsessed over owning a personal alchemist, Johann Böttger, whom he imprisoned in his castle, first to make gold, and when that failed, to make porcelain. Trained in chemistry by an apothecary, Böttger took advantage of the king's obsession with porcelain and eventually produced the first European ceramic vessels whose delicacy and strength resembled those of Asian imports. Augustus funded the creation of a Saxon royal manufactory, which became the famous Meissen factory, and which to this day stands for the highest quality in porcelain. By the time of Böttger's death in 1719, Meissen porcelain had become famous throughout Europe and the world, its wares in high demand by other monarchs and aristocratic consumers. Soon after the porcelain maker's death, his secret recipe was stolen, and dozens of Central European princes opened their own manufactories. Here, author Suzanne L. Marchand shows how the story of European porcelain is an intertwined history of the mercantile state policy that built these factories, the luxury trades that sustained them, the debates about what counted as "art," and the changes in consumer and material culture driving the business. Throughout the eighteenth century, porcelain production was an industry of competitive, mercantile production under royal ownership. By 1850, however, after only a few state-backed firms survived the financial crises of 1815-1830, the Central European porcelain industry had become the domain of mass producers and trademark forgers. Marchand then traces the story of Central European porcelain into the twentieth century, exploring the new challenges of cartelization, the rise of Japanese and Czech competition, and the impact of the two world wars, following several porcelain firms through the Nazi era and the Russian seizures of companies in the German East. At each point, Marchand uses the history of porcelain to link the businesses, and the states that helped sustain them, to the broader history of culture and consumption"--

Details :

Genre : ART
Author by : Suzanne L. Marchand
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2020-06-30
File : 544 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9780691182339


Chelsea Porcelain At Williamsburg

Chelsea Porcelain At Williamsburg

Download

SUMMARY:

The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation has amassed an outstanding collection of ceramics produced by the Chelsea porcelain Manufactory during its years of operation, 1745-1769. The most important part of the collection falls within the Manufactory's earliest, or triangle, period, and includes examples of nearly all the extant forms. Exotic teapots shaped like Chinamen holding creatures, and objects copied directly from silver prototypes are but a few of the fascinating forms from the early, experimental period. Also illustrated are unique and aesthetically pleasing examples that were manufactured at Chelsea later.

Details :

Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
Author by : John Cecil Austin
Publisher : Colonial Williamsburg
Release : 1977
File : 227 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0879350237


The S Vres Porcelain Manufactory

The S Vres Porcelain Manufactory

Download

SUMMARY:

The tumultuous years of the French Revolution left France’s prestigious decorative arts industries poised on the brink of ruin. It was not until after the fall of the monarchy and the ascendancy of the Consulat and Empire under Napoleon that they began to recover so that by the middle of the nineteenth century they stood at the pinnacle of their achievement. This book is the first in depth study of the renowned porcelain works at Sèvres during its virtual rebirth under the 47 year direction of the scientist, teacher, and administrator Alexandre Brongniart. Some 110 working drawings from the Sèvres Archive are reproduced here for the first time in color. They celebrate the high skill of the artists whose work often documented contemporary events in France. There are table services in the 'Egyptian' and 'Etruscan' taste as well as individual pieces that recall Napoleonic military campaigns. There are also exquisite Neoclassical decorations using motifs such as birds, butterflies, and insects that reflect the century’s early fascination with the natural sciences. The repertoire of nineteenth century eclecticism is evident in the output of Sèvres from the revival of Gothic and renaissance motifs to the outburst of naturalism. Eleven essays by leading authorities assess this dynamic period.

Details :

Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
Author by : Beatrice Pannequin
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 1997-01-01
File : 416 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9780300073386


How To Identify Old Chinese Porcelain

How To Identify Old Chinese Porcelain

Download

SUMMARY:

Details :

Genre : Porcelain, Chinese
Author by : Mrs. Willoughby Hodgson
Publisher :
Release : 1905
File : 178 Pages
ISBN-13 : UCLA:31158000236769


Chinese Porcelain

Chinese Porcelain

Download

SUMMARY:

Details :

Genre : Porcelain
Author by : William Giuseppi Gulland
Publisher :
Release : 1902
File : Pages
ISBN-13 : HARVARD:32044060433059


Pottery And Porcelain From Early Times Down To The Philadelphia Exhibition Of 1876

Pottery And Porcelain From Early Times Down To The Philadelphia Exhibition Of 1876

Download

SUMMARY:

What we have attempted has been to gather and present, in a way to be easily understood, the most important facts respecting "Pottery and Porcelain."--Preface.

Details :

Genre : Porcelain
Author by : Charles Wyllys Elliott
Publisher :
Release : 1878
File : 356 Pages
ISBN-13 : UCAL:B4588049


Porcelain

Porcelain

Download

SUMMARY:

"This is the book on porcelain we have been waiting for. . . . A remarkable achievement."—Edmund de Waal, author of The Hare with Amber Eyes A sweeping cultural and economic history of porcelain, from the eighteenth century to the present Porcelain was invented in medieval China—but its secret recipe was first reproduced in Europe by an alchemist in the employ of the Saxon king Augustus the Strong. Saxony’s revered Meissen factory could not keep porcelain’s ingredients secret for long, however, and scores of Holy Roman princes quickly founded their own mercantile manufactories, soon to be rivaled by private entrepreneurs, eager to make not art but profits. As porcelain’s uses multiplied and its price plummeted, it lost much of its identity as aristocratic ornament, instead taking on a vast number of banal, yet even more culturally significant, roles. By the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it became essential to bourgeois dining, and also acquired new functions in insulator tubes, shell casings, and teeth. Weaving together the experiences of entrepreneurs and artisans, state bureaucrats and female consumers, chemists and peddlers, Porcelain traces the remarkable story of “white gold” from its origins as a princely luxury item to its fate in Germany’s cataclysmic twentieth century. For three hundred years, porcelain firms have come and gone, but the industry itself, at least until very recently, has endured. After Augustus, porcelain became a quintessentially German commodity, integral to provincial pride, artisanal industrial production, and a familial sense of home. Telling the story of porcelain’s transformation from coveted luxury to household necessity and flea market staple, Porcelain offers a fascinating alternative history of art, business, taste, and consumption in Central Europe.

Details :

Genre : History
Author by : Suzanne L. Marchand
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2020-06-30
File : 544 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9780691201986


Artificial Soft Paste Porcelain

Artificial Soft Paste Porcelain

Download

SUMMARY:

Details :

Genre : Porcelain
Author by : Edwin Atlee Barber
Publisher :
Release : 1907
File : 32 Pages
ISBN-13 : UOM:39015068318909


Hard Paste Porcelain Oriental China Japan Siam Korea

Hard Paste Porcelain Oriental China Japan Siam Korea

Download

SUMMARY:

Details :

Genre : Porcelain
Author by : Edwin Atlee Barber
Publisher :
Release : 1910
File : 46 Pages
ISBN-13 : HARVARD:FL2FC3


China S Porcelain Capital

China S Porcelain Capital

Download

SUMMARY:

Maris Boyd Gillette's groundbreaking study tells the story of Jingdezhen, China's porcelain capital, from its origins in 1004 in Song dynasty China to the present day. Gillette explores how Jingdezhen has been affected by state involvement in porcelain production, particularly during the long 20th century. She considers how the Chinese government has consumed, invested in, taxed and managed the local ceramics industry, and the effects of this state intervention on ceramists' lives, their local environment and the nature of the goods they produce. Gillette traces how Jingdezhen experienced the transition from imperial rule to state ownership under communism, the changing fortunes of the ceramics industry in the early 21st century, the decay and decline that accompanied privatisation, and a revival brought about by an entrepreneurial culture focusing on the manufacture of highly-prized 'art porcelain'.

Details :

Genre : Art
Author by : Maris Boyd Gillette
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2016-08-11
File : 200 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781474259439